Taking care of a bonsai tree

The bonsai tree is a small tree or a shrub grown in a shallow container. Ever since ancient China there is a record of this art of growing miniature trees and before spreading to the entire world, the art was improved further by the Japanese. There are various ways to categorize bonsai trees, based on several factors such as size or angle at which the trunk grows.

Basic knowledge of horticulture as well as a good dose of imagination is necessary in order to grow a bonsai tree. These trees can be either the indoor variety such as schefflera or the weeping fig or outdoor plants such as the juniper or maple tree. If you would like to take the process further and start growing bonsai fruit trees good choices would be cherry, blueberry or fig plants. After selecting a tree type you will need to select a shape to form for it out of the various types available, such as upright, oblique or extended.

In order to grow a bonsai the ideal container is a shallow pot made of plastic or clay. It’s size can vary based on the shape and size of the bonsai you want to create. The color of the pot should always complement the bonsai tree to ensure the appropriate overall appearance. Should you wish to keep the cuttings or twigs to grow another bonsai tree, it is necessary to wrap them in bonsai wire to give it the correct shape, but keep in mind that you allow enough room for the tree to grow.Before placing the bonsai tree in the container, place a bit of soil on the bottom and place the roots of the tree over it. You can even tie the roots down if you believe that the tree cannot hold to the ground. Afterwards, add the remaining soil over it. In order to be able to water the tree, make sure to leave enough room in the pot for water, about an inch or so. This free space can also be used to enrich the appearance of the tree. When the tree has been planted you can weigh down the branches to stop its growth. The bonsai will need to be placed in a spot where it receives partial sunlight and it can be further decorated using stones, moss and even sand.

If you are planning to grow the bonsai from seeds, keep in mind that you need to place the seeds in a fridge for about a week before planting. Moreover, a day before you need to place them in a bowl of water and only plant the seeds that sink to the bottom. Make sure that the pot you plant the bonsai in has proper draining methods and select soil that is rich in nutrients. Before adding the soil, you can place a layer of sand at the bottom of the pot. Afterwards, make some holes in the soil to plant the seeds and cover them after with another layer. Place the potted bonsai in a dark area that has good ventilation and keep it clean. In about a month the plants will start to grow and you will need to relocate the pot to a more brightly lit area. During this time you can start to prune and mold them into the required shape by using the bonsai wires.

However this information may not apply to all species of bonsai plants. For example, the juniper bonsai has a slightly different growing process than that of a cherry bonsai tree and it is highly recommended that you research the process for your particular type of tree before getting started.

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