The iris – a mythological flower

Iris flowers bear the name of the Messenger of Love in Greek mythology and are some of the most beautiful plants on earth. The color of these flowers can vary from a gorgeous yellow to an amazing blue purple. They are spring flowers that were very popular in Greek mythology.

If you like iris flowers, you can grow them next to other flower types or as a single one.

 Iris Flower

Although the iris is native from the North Temperate regions, it can also thrive in desert, grassy slopes, old, riverbanks and meadow areas. This flower type belongs to the Iridaceae family. The purple iris is very representative for Tennessee State because it is cultivated as the state flower. The iris flower has many symbols and meanings and its history is rich.

  •  Connotations

The most common meanings associated with iris flower are wisdom, admiration, courage, hope and faith. However, different colors of iris flower suggest different thins, depending on the area where it grows. For example, blue or dark purple iris flower signifies royalty. On the other hand, yellow iris connotes passion, while white iris means remembrance or sympathy. The iris is the February birth flower.

  •  Symbols of iris flower

The word iris comes from the Greek dictionary and it means rainbow. It represents the rainbow and the name of the Messenger of the Gods and love in Greek mythology. Greek mythology says hat Iris, the Goddess of love guides dead women in their eternal journey if they had iris flower colored in purple planted on their graves. There are many symbols connected to iris flower depending on its color. Yellow iris is the symbol of passion, white iris is the symbol of purity and purple connotes wisdom.

Tips to cultivate iris flower

The iris is not a pretentious plant and requires no special care. The most common breeding way is through rhizome division because this procedure does not have a high failure rate, but one can also grow iris flower through seeds, although this method implies quite a long time until flowers appear. Generally, the iris is a spring flower, but some species bear flowers in summer and even during winter, if maintained properly and protected from frost.

  •  Soil and fertilization

The iris thrives in areas with a well-drained and porous soil. The ideal Ph is 6.8. However, iris is tolerant in this regard. It cannot stand heavy water logging grounds. When planting iris rhizomes, one should choose those that present two or more leaf sprouts. The rhizomes should be planted in such a way that their tops are exposed and the roots are facing downward in the ground. The distance between each rhizome varies between fifteen and twenty-four inches, depending on the type.

  •  Watering

The soil type and the climate are two criteria that influence the watering. Specialists recommend deep watering at long intervals of time. Watering iris flower frequently is not a good idea.  The only care that iris flower needs to thrive is a fertilizer, which has to be applied a month before and after blooming. In order to help these flowers grow healthy one has to thin them every three or four years; otherwise, the bloom will be affected.

Iris flowers are very suitable for bouquets not only because they are very beautiful, but also because these flowers symbolize different emotions and feelings, depending on their color.

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